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Confidence is essential, even though often you don’t have much control of how you feel inside when you have to speak. A calm appearance enhances credibility, and make people want to hear what you say, and what you will say next.
How confident you appear to others though, is something that is easier to control. If your hands are shaking because of nerves, putting them in your pocket is a beneficial action you can do to appear more confident.
But today what we would like to practise on how to speak slowly and deliberately. It’s based on an highly-recommended exercise by an Improv Theatre guru, Marian Rich.
Powerpoint is usually responsible for making a good speaking horribly. When you use Powerpoint as a place to think and write your talk, it’s not surprising to see that it often results in many slides filled with bullet points. After all, that’s your speech outline right there.
The one tip we will suggest will be to save that speech outline slides as a distribution only slides, and only to be given to people who can’t attend your talk. You should then create another slide deck that extends your speech outlines to slides that will support your presentations.
These slides will not be able to stand without you, but it’s ok. You are the star of your presentation.
The act of rehearsing is different to the act of thinking. Whether you think while speaking or while writing, you can still choose the method on how you practice your speech.
Once you have written your talk, you have a choice of memorising your speech line-by-line or improvising on the outline.
Speaking on the spot is difficult. Some of the best speakers always have a structure in their head to get through challenging questions. Today, we will go through creating outlines for two of the most common speaking opportunities at work: speaking in status updates and in meetings where decisions get made.
Whether you’d want to inform, persuade or entertain people, it’s good to know what’s in their minds. In the same way that great jokes fell flat when you’ve heard them before, knowing what your audience already is the key to crafting great speeches.
This information allows us to separate what do we need to say and what do we not need to say to the audience. One suggestion is to put what audience already know in the intro, then build the speech on what the audience don’t need to know.
We will use two tools today. An empathy map used by UX designers and theory on how to construct an argument from Stephen Toulmin.
(Watch the video for details)
An argument consists of:
– Claim – what you want the audience to remember
– Support – what can explain the claim
– Warrant – the how and why
What can happen after you do the exercise?
Your audience may already know everything you’ve got to say or that you find out you need much more time to get the audience to get them to where you want.
In the next video, we will talk about how to use common structure to speak well in the everyday situation.